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The Negative Effects of Vaping

By Paul Rothbart

Vaping has become a popular alternative to smoking. Users can get their nicotine fix without second-hand smoke, allowing them to partake in places where cigarettes are forbidden. As a smokeless option, e-cigarettes are considered safer than the traditional kind. What could be better? The long-term effects of vaping are not fully known yet but research is discovering many unhealthy effects caused by e-cigarettes and other vaping products. The potential harm should be carefully considered before using these smokeless devices.

Negative Effects on the Lungs

Several recent studies have found that vaping can damage the lungs. Research conducted in 2015 on mice and human subjects found that flavored e-juice caused inflammation, toxicity, and oxidation to lung cells. A smaller 2018 study using 10 subjects who had never smoked a cigarette looked at their lung function after using vaping products both with and without nicotine. Researchers concluded that vaping disrupted the function of the lungs of otherwise healthy subjects. Although the sample size was small, the results point to potential dangers. Further studies will be required over the coming decades to fully understand the long-term effects of vaping on the lungs. 

Negative Effects on the Heart

The lungs are not the only part of the body that can be harmed by vaping. Research has also pointed to damage to the heart as a side effect. The National Academies Press published a 2018 report that contained significant evidence that puffing a vaping device increased heart rate. The authors also found that vaping can increase blood pressure. This can cause heart problems over time. A 2019 review made the point that the aerosols in vaping liquids contain oxidizing agents, aldehydes, nicotine, and particulates. These substances are likely to cause damage to the heart and circulatory system. Although a large survey of 450,000 users conducted nationwide did not find a significant connection between vaping and heart disease, it did discover that people who smoked cigarettes and vaped were more likely to have heart disease. There is enough evidence to make users think twice about vaping.

Negative Effects on the Teeth and Gums

The teeth and gums also appear to be vulnerable to the effects of vaping. Research conducted in 2018 found that the aerosol used in e-cigarettes coats teeth and makes them more prone to collecting bacteria and developing cavities. A 2016 study found a connection between vaping and inflammation of the gums, a major factor in several periodontal diseases. A review published in 2014 reported that vaping can cause irritation in the throat as well as the mouth can gums. Oral hygiene is essential to good health as bacteria in the mouth can find their way to other parts of the body and cause serious health issues. 

Many people see vaping as a viable option for the healthy ingestion of nicotine. However, there is a growing body of research that points to numerous health issues that can be triggered by using vaping products. As time goes on, studies will discover the long-term effects and they are likely to find more negative effects. 

To learn more about your health, wellness and fitness, see your local chiropractor at The Joint Chiropractic in Azusa, Calif.

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